International Day of Nowruz is observed every 21 March to coincide with the Persian Spring Festival known as Nowruz. It occurs on or near the Spring Equinox.
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Nowruz is a public holiday in Iran and some other countries, and it is widely celebrated from the Balkans to the Middle East to South and Central Asia. Thus, its widespread observance in many nations is what led it to be recognised as an official UN observance. Nowruz was also chosen, however, for its promotion of peace and neighbourly kindness across the highly multicultural and diverse region where it is celebrated.
Nowruz is a very ancient holiday. It is believed to have originally been a Zoroastrian celebration, and it certainly became the most important holiday in that religion. But today, it is kept by people of various religious beliefs as a “spring holiday”.